NIOST Researchers and Partners Show Most Afterschool Programs Offer Fruits and Vegetables

July 16, 2018

students healthysnackMost afterschool programs in the U.S. offer fruits and vegetables to children, and doing so is associated with membership in the National AfterSchool Association (NAA) and awareness of its Healthy Eating and Physical Activity (HEPA) Standards, according to a paper co-authored by NIOST researchers.

Children in the U.S. eat about two-thirds of the recommended amount of fruit and less than half the recommended amount of vegetables daily, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). NIOST Research Associate Amanda Richer and NIOST Director and Senior Research Scientist Georgia Hall, along with researchers at RTI International, surveyed nearly 700 NAA members and their colleagues to estimate the frequency and quality of fruit and vegetables offered during snack in U.S. afterschool programs.

Their findings, recently published by the CDC's Preventing Chronic Disease journal, show that 63 percent of respondents offered fruit, a vegetable, or both, with 42 percent offering only fruit, 18 percent offering fruit and vegetables, and 3 percent offering only vegetables. Most respondents also selected the healthiest options, such as fresh fruit and vegetables (as opposed to frozen, dried or canned).

Factors independently associated with offering fruit, vegetables, or both were membership in the NAA, using the NAA HEPA Standards for menu planning, and training staff members in healthy eating more than once a year. Programs run by school districts were less likely to offer fruit than programs run by other organizations, such as YMCAs, Boys & Girls Clubs, and parks and recreation or faith-based programs.

There is no national set of standards for food served in afterschool programs, the researchers note, but many programs have fully or partially adopted the NAA HEPA Standards, which include recommendations to offer fruit and vegetables daily. These standards were developed by the Healthy Out-of-School Time (HOST) Coalition, of which NIOST and RTI International are members, and were informed by NIOST research.






    "NIOST has been an anchor for numerous school age care projects we do, including ASQ (After-School Quality) and Links to Learning. They are a nationally respected organization that Pennsylvania has partnered with for over 20 years."

    – Betsy O. Saatman, TA Specialist/SAC Initiatives, Pennsylvania Key

    "NIOST was a core partner in supporting the development of quality improvement systems across the nine cities that participated in The Wallace Foundation Next Generation Afterschool System-Building Initiative. The NIOST team worked well with other technical assistance partners in the initiative, always willing to pitch in and collaborate with others to make our professional learning community meetings a team effort. I truly hope the Foundation has an opportunity to partner with them in the future."

    – Priscilla M. Little, Initiative Manager, The Wallace Foundation


    "NIOST has been a leader in the out-of-school time field for as long as I can remember, and I have relied on their research, tools, and advice to improve my practice throughout my career. Their staff members are good partners and good listeners, and their influence across the country is palpable."

    – Jane Quinn, Vice President and Director of National Center for Community Schools, Children's Aid Society

    "Georgia Hall, Ellen Gannett, and the NIOST team have been instrumental in driving the healthy afterschool movement. Their dedication to quality practice, informed policy, and collective impact is instrumental in our effort to create healthier communities."

    – Daniel W. Hatcher, Director, Community Partnerships, Alliance for a Healthier Generation

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